When it comes to disposing off home garbage, we see a lack in knowledge among even the educated people. If we want to live healthy, we must adopt healthy waste disposal habits. From drainage to garbage, the cleanup is done by people in India as opposed to other countries. Hence we must have some consideration for these people and make their work easier. So let’s learn some healthy waste disposal habits and teach our children to do the same.
1. Kitchen Waste
Kitchen waste includes fruit and vegetable peels, excess food waste, meat waste and used cooking oils.
Fruit and vegetables peels are a great source of nutrition for plants. If you have plants, consider making homemade fertiliser using them. If you have a backyard, dig a hole and use this for disposing wet waste. When it fills up, close it with soil and continue. If not, dispose in your kitchen garbage.
Cooking oils should never be poured down the drain. It clogs them up causing more sludge leading to drain blockage. The best way is to dispose the cooking oil in a small cover, secure it and dispose in your kitchen garbage.
Meat (Fish,Chicken/Mutton) waste causes quite bad odor in the garbage. So tie them up in a plastic cover and freeze them. When you are taking out kitchen garbage, throw in the frozen waste along with other wastes.
2. Plastic Wastes(Bottles/Cans/Bags)
Plastic wastes(packagings, toys,broken items) should be collected separately. Give them for recycling. Muncipalities, towns and cities have waste collecting methods. Learn your localities’ waste disposal area and method. Never burn them or bury them as they are hazardous for the environment. Some cities provide recycling pickup, while other places have a recycling center where you can drop everything off. Check your city’s website and follow its policy regarding proper recycling.
3. Paper Waste/Old Cardboard Boxes
Old newspaper and scrap papers often get collected in our homes. In India, you can find scrap yards or small shops where they collect old paper in exchange for some money. You can even get them to collect it at your home once a month. This way you can get rid of paper waste for a few bucks.
4. Diapers and Sanitary Napkins
Diapers and sanitary pads are often disposed the wrong way. They are thrown open into the garbage or even flushed down the toilet which is very pathetic. Please have some pity for those who collect the localities wastes. Used diapers/pads should be properly wrapped in newspaper with edges folded in so that they don’t fall out and marked with a red dot on top. Then dispose them in garbage. This will indicate that it contains diapers/pads.
5. Hazardous Wastes
Batteries,Paint, electronics, medications are some hazardous wastes which need to be disposed off safely. These items have to be thrown out with the trash or disposed of at a hazardous waste facility. Read the disposal method of the item which will be mentioned in its packaging. If you’re not sure if a household product is considered hazardous waste, take a look at the label. If the label uses the words Danger or Poison, as federal law requires, they’re almost surely hazardous waste. If the label uses the words Warning or Caution, these products may require care during use, but are generally not classified as hazardous. Resist the temptation to bury hazardous waste products in amongst your regular household garbage.
Please avoid throwing away wastes in your toilet, whether it be clothes,tissues or any waste. It causes blockage and can lead to a bigger problem.
How To Reduce Wastes
1. Use cloth bags instead of plastic bags.
2. Reduce use of bottles, cans and packaged items.
3. Reuse and recycle. Make use of containers without throwing them away.
4. Donate. Donate as much items that can be used by less fortunate people.
5. Make a compost pit at home and use it.
6. Follow your cities’ recycling policies.